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BABIES . . . Do all go to Heaven?

QUESTION: There are two questions that are often asked: First, do all babies who die go to Heaven? And second, do babies who go to Heaven grow up there, or do they automatically become adults?

MY ANSWER is quite lengthy, for I will bring several ways to consider the matter:
Questions like these are asked every day. For many moms and dads who have tragically lost their little one, these are serious, heartfelt concerns. They want to know where their children are and under what circumstances they might expect to see them again.

To start, the Bible does NOT directly speak about infant salvation. And what's more, verses commonly cited to support the notion of an age of accountability are stretching it at best. The phrase age of accountability is NOT in the KJV of the Bible.

The Bible NEVER teaches that there is an age of accountability. It is NOT in the Bible. The term never appears in the Bible nor does the idea in any form. In addition, Scripture NEVER once suggests that children are born without sin or that they cannot be held accountable for sin because they don't understand or recognize it. Oddly, the Bible teaches exactly the opposite in that every person is accountable to God for their sin at every age.
Psalm 51:1 Have mercy upon me, O God, according to thy lovingkindness: according unto the multitude of thy tender mercies blot out my transgressions. 2  Wash me throughly from mine iniquity, and cleanse me from my sin. 3  For I acknowledge my transgressions: and my sin is ever before me. 4  Against thee, thee only, have I sinned, and done this evil in thy sight: that thou mightest be justified when thou speakest, and be clear when thou judgest. 5  Behold, I was shapen in iniquity; and in sin did my mother conceive me. (KJV)
Psalm 53:1-3  The fool hath said in his heart, There is no God. Corrupt are they, and have done abominable iniquity: there is none that doeth good. 2  God looked down from heaven upon the children of men, to see if there were any that did understand, that did seek God. 3  Every one of them is gone back: they are altogether become filthy; there is none that doeth good, no, not one. (KJV)
Psalm 58:3 The wicked are estranged from the womb: they go astray as soon as they be born, speaking lies. (KJV)  
Job 15:14 What is man, that he should be clean? and he which is born of a woman, that he should be righteous? (KJV)  
Proverbs 22:15 Foolishness is bound in the heart of a child; but the rod of correction shall drive it far from him. (KJV)  
Isaiah 48:8 Yea, thou heardest not; yea, thou knewest not; yea, from that time that thine ear was not opened: for I knew that thou wouldest deal very treacherously, and wast called a transgressor from the womb. (KJV)  
Ephesians 2:3 Among whom also we all had our conversation in times past in the lusts of our flesh, fulfilling the desires of the flesh and of the mind; and were by nature the children of wrath, even as others. (KJV)  

The above Scriptures are very consistent on this point. Paul says that unbelievers deserve God's wrath by nature, not because they reach a certain age. David says in Psalm 51, he was conceived in iniquity, meaning he was born with a sin nature from the start. He also said that his sin was ever before him, meaning there was never a time when his sin was not present in his life.
What's more, David declares that God is blameless when He judges us for that sin, because sinful men deserve judgment. There is no way to escape the reality of our sin from birth and our accountability before God. AGE has nothing to do with it.
The Psalmist says in Psalm 53 that no one does good and everyone is evil. And too, when God looks down upon mankind, He finds NO exceptions to this rule, for ALL have sinned (Rom.3:10,23). NO one . . . NO adult, NO child is good before God. Jesus Himself said it: Mark 10:18 And Jesus said unto him, Why callest thou me good? there is none good but one, that is, God. (KJV)  

Dear one, Scripture clearly  teaches that ALL humanity has gone astray. NO one does good, not even one. Romans 3:10 As it is written, There is none righteous, no, not one: (KJV)
Jeremiah 17:9 The heart is deceitful above all things, and desperately wicked: who can know it? (KJV)
We are BORN with Adam's sin nature and that nature condemns us from our first breath. The Bible never provides an exception to this fundamental Biblical principle. Dear one, IF there were an exception to the principle of the universality of sin, it most certainly would be in the Holy Word of God, the Bible . . . and it would most certainly be shown to us plainly and explain it clearly . . . . the Bible is utterly silent on any exceptions. Paul wrote for us: Galatians 3:22 But the scripture hath concluded all under sin, that the promise by faith of Jesus Christ might be given to them that believe. (KJV)  

Consider this:  
IF it were possible for God to overlook the sin of even one child and permit that child to enter into Heaven without the saving faith in Christ, then WHY should any person need to confess Christ? IF entrance into Heaven were possible without faith in the sacrificial atonement of Christ, then WHY did God have to put His Son to death in the first place (Acts 2:23). Instead, He could have forgiven everyone's sins without faith in the same way He supposedly overlooks a young child's sin. This is not only illogical but also unbiblical, since Holy Scriptures tells us that faith in Christ is required and is the only way to Heaven.
John 14:6 Jesus saith unto him, I am the way, the truth, and the life: no man cometh unto the Father, but by me. (KJV)  
Acts 4:12 Neither is there salvation in any other: for there is none other name under heaven given among men, whereby we must be saved. (KJV)  
John 3:16-18 For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life. 17  For God sent not his Son into the world to condemn the world; but that the world through him might be saved. 18  He that believeth on him is not condemned: but he that believeth not is condemned already, because he hath not believed in the name of the only begotten Son of God. (KJV)
John 3:36 He that believeth on the Son hath everlasting life: and he that believeth not the Son shall not see life; but the wrath of God abideth on him. (KJV)  
John 8:24 I said therefore unto you, that ye shall die in your sins: for if ye believe not that I am he, ye shall die in your sins. (KJV)
1 John 5:10-13 He that believeth on the Son of God hath the witness in himself: he that believeth not God hath made him a liar; because he believeth not the record that God gave of his Son. 11  And this is the record, that God hath given to us eternal life, and this life is in his Son. 12  He that hath the Son hath life; and he that hath not the Son of God hath not life.
13  These things have I written unto you that believe on the name of the Son of God; that ye may know that ye have eternal life, and that ye may believe on the name of the Son of God
. (KJV)
Heb. 11:6  But without faith it is impossible to please him: for he that cometh to God must believe that he is, and that he is a rewarder of them that diligently seek him. (KJV)

Another question that is asked: What about babies and young children who never attain the ability to make this individual choice? The age of accountability is the idea that those who die before reaching the age of accountability are automatically saved by God’s grace and mercy. The age of accountability is the belief that God saves all those who die never having possessed the ability to make a decision for or against Christ. Thirteen is the most common age suggested for the age of accountability, based on the Jewish custom that a child becomes an adult at the age of 13.

BUT . . . does the Bible agree with this? NO! The Bible gives NO direct support or Scripture to the age of 13 always being the age of accountability. And besides, all children mature differently. A child has passed the age of accountability once he or she is capable of making a faith decision for or against Christ. The opinion of Charles Spurgeon was that a child of five can as be truly saved and regenerated as an adult.
With this in mind, also consider that Christ’s death is presented as sufficient for all of mankind.
1 John 2:2 And he is the propitiation for our sins: and not for ours only, but also for the sins of the whole world. (KJV) . . . Jesus is the atoning sacrifice for our sins, and not only for ours but also for the sins of the whole world. This verse makes it quite clear that Jesus’ death on the cross was sufficient for ALL sins, not just the sins of those who specifically have come to Him in faith. The fact that Christ’s death was sufficient for all sin would allow the possibility of God’s applying that payment to those who were never capable of believing.

Is there a link between the age of accountability and the covenant relationship between the nation of Israel and the LORD where no requirement was imposed on a male child to be included in the covenant other than circumcision, which was performed on the eighth day after his birth (Ex.48-50; Lev.12:3).

Yet another question pops up, Does the inclusive nature of the Old Covenant apply to the church? On the day of Pentecost, Peter said: Acts 2:38-39 Then Peter said unto them, Repent, and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins, and ye shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost. 39  For the promise is unto you, and to your children, and to all that are afar off, even as many as the Lord our God shall call. (KJV)
The word children here (teknon in Greek) means child, daughter, son. Verse 39 shows that forgiveness of sins is available to one and all, including future generations. Acts 1:8 But ye shall receive power, after that the Holy Ghost is come upon you: and ye shall be witnesses unto me both in Jerusalem, and in all Judaea, and in Samaria, and unto the uttermost part of the earth. (KJV) . . . This does NOT teach household salvation. The children of those who repented were also required to repent.

The one passage that seems to identify with this topic more than any other is the following:
2 Samuel 12:21-23 Then said his servants unto him, What thing is this that thou hast done? thou didst fast and weep for the child, while it was alive; but when the child was dead, thou didst rise and eat bread. 22  And he said, While the child was yet alive, I fasted and wept: for I said, Who can tell whether GOD will be gracious to me, that the child may live? 23  But now he is dead, wherefore should I fast? can I bring him back again? I shall go to him, but he shall not return to me. (KJV) . . .  The context of this Passage is that King David committed adultery with Bathsheba, resulting in pregnancy. The prophet Nathan was sent by the Lord to inform David that, because of his sin, the Lord would take the child in death. David responded to this by grieving and praying for the child. But once the child was taken, David’s mourning ended. David’s servants were surprised at this. They said to King David, What thing is this that thou hast done? thou didst fast and weep for the child, while it was alive; but when the child was dead, thou didst rise and eat bread. David’s response was, While the child was yet alive, I fasted and wept: for I said, Who can tell whether GOD will be gracious to me, that the child may live? 23  But now he is dead, wherefore should I fast? can I bring him back again? I shall go to him, but he shall not return to me. David seemed to be comforted by this knowledge. David seemed to be saying that he would see his baby son (in heaven), though he could not bring him back.

BUT . . . although it is possible that God could apply Christ’s payment for sin to those who cannot believe, the Bible does NOT specifically say that He does this, anywhere in the Bible. Therefore, this is something about which we should not be stubborn or inflexible. God’s applying Christ’s death to those who cannot believe would seem consistent with His love and mercy . . . but NO where in God’s Holy Word are we assured of this! It could be that God does apply Christ’s payment for sin to babies and those who are mentally handicapped, since they are not mentally capable of understanding their sinful state and their need for the Saviour . . . BUT . . . we simply must NOT be persistent on the matter, because we do NOT know for sure that He does . . . only that He could if he wanted to!
Of this we can be certain: God is loving, holy, merciful, just and gracious. Whatever God does is always right and good, and He loves our children even more than we do.

Another way to look at Infant Salvation

Others say that babies are cute and adorable, so many people see them as being innocent (not guilty of conscious sin), and therefore they are saved. BUT . . . there are many problems with this view . . . including the fact that we are not only condemned by what we do, but also by what we are. Even an adorable, little baby is a fallen descendant of Adam and Eve who is in need of redemption.
So what happens to babies who die? I think that this can only be resolved by appealing to God’s sovereignty. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . http://www.hisservants.org/books_sovereignty_of_god.html
It is my humble opinion that God, in His omniscience (all-knowing) and His wisdom, knows WHO His elect (chosen ones) are, even before they are born.
Deut. 7:6-8 For thou art an holy people unto the LORD thy God: the LORD thy God hath chosen thee to be a special people unto himself, above all people that are upon the face of the earth. 7  The LORD did not set his love upon you, nor choose you, because ye were more in number than any people; for ye were the fewest of all people: 8  But because the LORD loved you, and because he would keep the oath which he had sworn unto your fathers, hath the LORD brought you out with a mighty hand, and redeemed you out of the house of bondmen, from the hand of Pharaoh king of Egypt. (KJV) . . . WHY did God choose Israel? One day we can ask Him! The fact is, God can do as He pleases, anytime, anywhere, with whomever He chooses! BUT . . . since Almighty God is all-knowing . . . do you really think that He would choose someone to salvation whom He knows would reject Jesus? I have always thought that God gives ALL people a chance to believe Him (1 Jn.5:10-12), and that He wants NO one to perish in the lake of fire (2 Pet.3:9; Rev.20:15), BUT He would indeed be a liar IF he did not keep His Promises . . . the bad and the good ones.
Eph. 1:3-6 Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who hath blessed us with all spiritual blessings in heavenly places in Christ: 4  According as he hath chosen us in him before the foundation of the world, that we should be holy and without blame before him in love: 5  Having predestinated us unto the adoption of children by Jesus Christ to himself, according to the good pleasure of his will, 6  To the praise of the glory of his grace, wherein he hath made us accepted in the beloved. (KJV)
2 Thes. 2:13 But we are bound to give thanks alway to God for you, brethren beloved of the Lord, because God hath from the beginning chosen you to salvation through sanctification of the Spirit and belief of the truth: (KJV)  
2 Tim. 1:9 Who hath saved us, and called us with an holy calling, not according to our works, but according to his own purpose and grace, which was given us in Christ Jesus before the world began, (KJV)  
2 Tim. 2:10 Therefore I endure all things for the elect's sakes, that they may also obtain the salvation which is in Christ Jesus with eternal glory. (KJV)  
1 Peter 2:9 But ye are a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, an holy nation, a peculiar people; that ye should shew forth the praises of him who hath called you out of darkness into his marvellous light: (KJV)  

Infant salvation is a question specifically asked regarding the eternal destiny of those who die in infancy. Scripture is NOT clear on this subject, so arguments are based on general religious principles and suggestions from Scripture.

Passages cited in support of infant salvation:
2 Samuel 12:22-23 And he said, While the child was yet alive, I fasted and wept: for I said, Who can tell whether GOD will be gracious to me, that the child may live? 23  But now he is dead, wherefore should I fast? can I bring him back again? I shall go to him, but he shall not return to me. (KJV)
Matthew 19:14 But Jesus said, Suffer little children, and forbid them not, to come unto me: for of such is the kingdom of heaven. (KJV)  
Mark 10:14 But when Jesus saw it, he was much displeased, and said unto them,
Suffer the little children to come unto me, and forbid them not: for of such is the kingdom of God. (KJV)  
Luke 18:16 But Jesus called them unto him, and said, Suffer little children to come unto me, and forbid them not: for of such is the kingdom of God. (KJV)  
Rev. 7:9 After this I beheld, and, lo, a great multitude, which no man could number, of all nations, and kindreds, and people, and tongues, stood before the throne, and before the Lamb, clothed with white robes, and palms in their hands; (KJV)  

The question before us is this: 

  1. If an infant should die in infancy, will this person be in heaven? What about those who are severely mentally handicapped even though they might be older? They do not have the mental capacities to believe on the Lord Jesus Christ and trust in Him. What we learn about infants can also be applied to situations where people are severely mentally handicapped.
  2. In discussing infant salvation, we need to make it very clear that we are not saying that (living) babies are saved.  A little baby, as cute and as innocent as it looks, is not saved, is not regenerated, is not justified and is not a child of God.  Babies are born in sin and are dead in sin (Psalm 51:5; Eph. 2:1). As they get older their depraved sinful nature will manifest itself in many ugly ways.   The question we need and answer to involves what happens to an infant who dies. 
  3. There are certain false teachings regarding the spiritual state of infants.  I totally reject the idea that infant baptism brings grace upon the infant. It does absolutely nothing for the child. Furthermore, infant baptism is totally unscriptural. In the New Testament only believers were baptized because a baby is not capable of exercising saving faith.  Those who are baptized in water need to be believers in the Lord Jesus Christ (Acts 8:36-38).  Infant baptism is a religious rite practiced by many churches today, although there is NOT one example in the Scriptures of a baby being baptized.    
  4. Do babies go to Heaven when they die?  The decisive answer to this question is found in the answer to another question: Genesis 18:25 That be far from thee to do after this manner, to slay the righteous with the wicked: and that the righteous should be as the wicked, that be far from thee: Shall not the Judge of all the earth do right? (KJV)
  5. Although the Bible does not specifically state that infants who die will go to Heaven, there is a weight of Biblical evidence which points in this direction.  Some believe that infants who die will be safe in the arms of Jesus and will spend eternity with Him in Heaven.

The Age of Accountability

This is a tough concern for Christians. I do not believe that there is any such thing as an age of accountability in Scripture. It is something that has been made up, which is why NO one can say what that age is. Is the age the same for all children? What about the mentally handicapped?

It is further complicated by the fact that as Christians, we generally believe that life begins at conception. Indeed, David even references his sinful nature all the way back to his conception (Psalm 51). So if we are human beings, with souls and a sinful nature from the moment of conception . . . then surely we need Christ to cover our sinful nature from the moment of conception.

But there are miscarriages, there are abortions, children die before they can understand they are sinners, and severely mentally handicapped grow up never able to understand their need for forgiveness. So the question remains! HOW does God treat these individuals?

Sad to say, Scripture does not have an answer for us. So what do we do? How do we answer this? For me personally, I look to the character of God. He is just, merciful, gracious, loving, and good. I truly believe that Christ's Sacrifice extends to ALL those who are mentally incapable of expressing faith in Jesus and having a personal relationship with Christ. It is a hope deep within, it is not rooted in any specific Scripture, but rooted in who I believe God is.

The Age of Accountability

There is one key question that every single individual must answer: Matthew 27:22 Pilate saith unto them, What shall I do then with Jesus which is called Christ? They all say unto him, Let him be crucified. (KJV)  
Will you believe on Him and receive Him as your Saviour or will you reject Him and refuse to believe? God divides ALL humanity into two distinct groups: (1) believers, and (2) those who do not believe. John 3:36 He that believeth on the Son hath everlasting life: and he that believeth not the Son shall not see life; but the wrath of God abideth on him. (KJV) . . . A person’s decision will determine his eternal destiny. What we decide to do with Jesus will make the difference between Heaven and Hell.
We understand that a young infant is not capable of believing. A baby is not able to understand the Gospel, nor does he have any idea of who Jesus Christ is or what Jesus Christ has done. Not only are infants incapable of believing the gospel, but they are also not capable of rejecting Jesus Christ. We must remember that people are condemned for their rejection of Jesus Christ:
John 3:18 He that believeth on him is not condemned: but he that believeth not is condemned already, because he hath not believed in the name of the only begotten Son of God. (KJV)  
John 8:24 I said therefore unto you, that ye shall die in your sins: for if ye believe not that I am he, ye shall die in your sins. (KJV)

The age of accountability is a term that is found NOWHERE in the Bible. But the idea of a person’s accountability before God is absolutely Biblical. God does not hold a person responsible for something that he cannot do. Those who are incapable of belief are not condemned for what they are unable to do. However, somewhere along the line, as a child grows and develops, he reaches the point where he is able to understand, make decisions and respond to whatever revelation that God has given to him.

I am thankful that the Gospel of Christ is so simple that even a young child can understand it. You don’t have to have a college degree or be a seminary professor in order to understand the love of Christ, His death for sinners and the Gospel of amazing grace. Some people can testify that they came to know Christ at a very early age. So WHEN is the age of accountability? WHEN does a person become capable of believing? WHEN does a person reach the age when he is able to understand that faith in Jesus is what saves us? Only God alone knows the answer. It is WRONG for us to set a random age for every person, for NO two people mature at the same rate.

 
Do Infants who Die Go to Heaven?

The death of an infant or young child is extremely heartbreaking . . . most likely the greatest grief a parent is called on to bear. For Christians, there is the certain understanding that our sovereign and merciful God is always in control, no matter what . . . but there is also a persistent question: Is our baby in heaven?

This is a natural and obvious question when a parent loses a child, and it calls for our most careful and faithful Biblical study of Scripture and religious consideration. The unspeakable sorrow of a parent’s heart demands our honest and humble searching of the Scriptures.
Some people are quick to answer this question out of emotion. Certainly infants go to Heaven, they say . . . how could God refuse a precious little one?

Anyone who tries to shift to the focus to election actually avoids answering the question. We must look more closely at the issues at stake. Down through the centuries, the church has offered several different answers to this question of infant salvation. The early Catholic Church believed that baptized infants went to Heaven, while infants not baptized did not, even though they received immunity from the pains of Hell. Their first mistake was believing in infant baptism, and so too in baptismal regeneration. Baptismal regeneration is a FALSE teaching! http://www.hisservants.org/f_baptismal_regeneration.htm

Baptism does NOT save, and it is reserved for believers . . . NOT for infants. Their second mistake was his tolerance in speculation. Scripture does NOT teach any half-way position which denies infants admission to Heaven, but saves them from the peril of Hell. NO where in the Holy Word of God is anything like this stated!

Again, the Catholics have taught that infants will have a chance to come to Christ after death. This position was held by Gregory of Nyssa, and is growing among many contemporary theologians, who claim that all, regardless of age, will have a post-mortem opportunity to confess Christ as Saviour. There is a huge problem with this position . . . and that is that Scripture teaches NO such post-mortem (after death) opportunity. It is a figment of a theologian’s imagination, and a temptation from Satan and must be rejected. It is a damnable heresy (2 Pet.2;1)! BEWARE!!!

Those who divide infants into the elect and non-elect seek to affirm the clear and undeniable doctrine of divine election. The Bible teaches that God elects persons to salvation from eternity, and that our salvation is completely of grace (Eph.2:8-9). When we first consider this position, it appears invulnerable in relation to the issue of infant salvation . . . a simple statement, so clear. But when we really look at it, it reveals a major evasion. What if all who die in infancy are among the elect? Is there a Biblical basis for believing that all persons who die in infancy are among the elect?

And, then there is the person who believes in Universalism . . . he/she has a fast answer, for they believe that everyone will go to Heaven. But, dear one, everyone does NOT go to Heaven! . . . . . . . . . . . . . . http://hisservants.org/f_pluralism_universalism.htm
http://www.judgmentcoming.org/j_c_books_god's_wrath.html
http://worldlychaos.org/w_c_what_is_unlimited_atonement.htm

Then there are some people who say that elect infants go to Heaven, but that the non-elect do not, and must suffer endless punishment. Each of these answers is NOT satisfactory. Mere feeling ignores the Bible’s teaching. No one has the right to teach a doctrine simply on the basis of what they HOPE might be true. We must get our answers from what the Bible states to be true.
Universalism is NOT Biblical! It is a damnable heresy (2 Pet.2:1). The Bible clearly teaches that we are born in sin and that God will NOT tolerate ANY sinner. God has made only ONE absolute and definitive Provision for our salvation through the substitutionary atonement accomplished by Jesus Christ our Lord. Salvation comes to those who believe on His Name and confess Him as Saviour. The Bible clearly teaches a dual destiny for the human race. The redeemed (those who are in Christ) will be raised to eternal life with the Father in Heaven (Mat.25:34). Those who have not believed in Christ and confessed Him as Lord will suffer eternal punishment in the fires of Hell (Mat.25:46). Universalism is a very dangerous and unbiblical teaching. It offers a false promise of Satan and denies the Gospel of Jesus Christ.

The Bible clearly tells us that we are born marked by original sin of Adam and Eve, and because of this, NO one can claim that infants are born in a state of innocence. Any right Biblical answer to the question of infant salvation must begin by understanding that infants . . . ALL infants (you and me), are born with a sin nature (Eph.2:1-9).
Psalm 58:3 The wicked are estranged from the womb: they go astray as soon as they be born, speaking lies. (KJV)  
Job 15:14 What is man, that he should be clean? and he which is born of a woman, that he should be righteous? (KJV)  
Proverbs 22:15 Foolishness is bound in the heart of a child; but the rod of correction shall drive it far from him. (KJV)  
Isaiah 48:8 Yea, thou heardest not; yea, thou knewest not; yea, from that time that thine ear was not opened: for I knew that thou wouldest deal very treacherously, and wast called a transgressor from the womb. (KJV)  
Ephesians 2:3 Among whom also we all had our conversation in times past in the lusts of our flesh, fulfilling the desires of the flesh and of the mind; and were by nature the children of wrath, even as others. (KJV)  

Then there are some who believe that Scripture does indeed teach that all persons who die in infancy are among the elect. This CANNOT be based only in our hope that it is true, but in a careful reading of the Bible. I start with the Biblical statements I have already noted.

  1. First, the Bible reveals that we are brought forth in iniquity, and thus bear the stain of original sin from the moment of our conception. So, we squarely face the sin problem.
  2. Second, we must acknowledge that God is absolutely sovereign in salvation. We do NOT deserve salvation, and can do NOTHING to earn our salvation . . . it is all of grace.
  3. Third, we must agree that Scripture teaches that Jesus Christ is the sole and sufficient Saviour, and that salvation comes only on the basis of His Blood Atonement (Jn.2:15-18; 14:6; Acts 4:12; 1 Cor.6:20; 7:23; Eph.2:8-9; 1 Pet.1:18-19; 1 Jn.5:10-13).  
  4. Fourth, we agree that the Bible teaches a twofold eternal destiny . . . the redeemed to Heaven, the unredeemed to Hell.

So . . . is there really any Biblical foundation to claim that all those who die in infancy are among the elect?

  1. First, the Bible teaches that we are to be judged on the source of our deeds committed in the body.
  2. We will face the judgment seat of Christ and be judged, not on the basis of original sin, but for our sins committed during our own lifetimes. Each will answer according to what he has done. http://www.judgmentcoming.org/j_c_judgment_seat_of_christ.htm   http://www.judgmentcoming.org/j_c_judgment_according_to_works.htm
  3. And not for the sin of Adam. The charge of Adam’s sin and guilt simply explains our inability to respond to God without being regenerated by the Holy Spirit (Rom.8:1-9), but the Bible does NOT teach that we will answer for Adam’s sin. We will answer ONLY for our own. But what about infants? Have those who die in infancy committed such sins in the body? Some babies die when they are only a few days old, so I don’t think so. One Biblical text may be helpful at this point. After the children of Israel rebelled against God in the wilderness, God sentenced that generation to die in the wilderness after forty years of wandering. Not one of these men, this evil generation, would see the good land which God promised to give to their fathers (Num.32:13).
  4. Also consider. God specifically exempted young children and infants from this sentence, and even explained why He did so: Moreover, your little ones who you said would become prey, and your sons, who this day have no knowledge of good and evil, shall enter there, and I will give it to them and they shall possess it. (Num.14:31; Deut.1:39).
  5. The key issue here is that God specifically exempted from the judgment those who have no knowledge of good or evil because of their age. These little ones would inherit the Promised Land, and would not be judged on the basis of their fathers’ sins. Does it seem to you that this Passage bears directly on the subject of infant salvation, and that the finished work of Christ has removed the stain of original sin from those who die in infancy? Because these little ones know neither good nor evil, very young children are not capable of committing sins in the body, because they are not yet moral agents to know right from wrong, they die secure in the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ. John Newton, the great preacher who wrote the hymn Amazing Grace was certain of this truth. He wrote to close friends who had lost a young child: “I hope you are both well reconciled to the death of your child. I cannot be sorry for the death of infants. How many storms do they escape! Nor can I doubt, in my private judgment, that they are included in the election of grace.”
  6. One of the most stirring and powerful expressions of understanding infant salvation came from Charles Spurgeon. Preaching to his congregation, Spurgeon consoled grieving parents: “Now, let every mother and father here present know assuredly that it is well with the child, if God hath taken it away from you in its infant days.” 
  7. It seems to me that our Lord graciously and freely receives all those who die in infancy, NOT on the basis of their innocence or worthiness . . . but by His amazing grace, made theirs . . . through the atonement He purchased on the cross.

What happens to infants who die?

God’s Word is silent on the matter regarding infant salvation. I challenge you to do thorough study on this topic.
Scripture is quite clear:
Romans 3:10 As it is written, There is none righteous, no, not one: (KJV)
Romans 3:23 For all have sinned, and come short of the glory of God; (KJV)
Psalm 14:3 They are all gone aside, they are all together become filthy: there is none that doeth good, no, not one. (KJV)  
Matthew 19:13-14 Then were there brought unto him little children, that he should put his hands on them, and pray: and the disciples rebuked them. 14  But Jesus said, Suffer little children, and forbid them not, to come unto me: for of such is the kingdom of heaven. (KJV)
Mark 10:14 But when Jesus saw it, he was much displeased, and said unto them, Suffer the little children to come unto me, and forbid them not: for of such is the kingdom of God. (KJV)  
Matthew 18:6 But whoso shall offend one of these little ones which believe in me, it were better for him that a millstone were hanged about his neck, and that he were drowned in the depth of the sea. (KJV)  
John 5:24 Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that heareth my word, and believeth on him that sent me, hath everlasting life, and shall not come into condemnation; but is passed from death unto life. (KJV)  
John 8:24 I said therefore unto you, that ye shall die in your sins: for if ye believe not that I am he, ye shall die in your sins. (KJV)  

Romans 9:14-15 What shall we say then? Is there unrighteousness with God? God forbid. 15  For he saith to Moses, I will have mercy on whom I will have mercy, and I will have compassion on whom I will have compassion. (KJV)  . . . I think that the answer of infant salvation lies HERE!

 

The BIBLE has the answer